Will Poland receive reparations via Italy? Kaleta: The Germans gave them this money in KPO
On September 1, a report on the losses suffered by Poland as a result of German aggression and occupation during World War II was presented, which shows that the total amount of losses is over PLN 6 billion 220 billion PLN 609 million. The report was prepared by a team operating in the previous parliamentary term, led by MP Arkadiusz Mularczyk.
How did the Germans respond? This was to be expected
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs informed that the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs replied to the note of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland of October 3, 2022 regarding compensation for Polish losses incurred as a result of German aggression and occupation during World War II. According to the German government, the matter of reparations and compensation for war losses remains closed, and the German government does not intend to enter into negotiations on this matter.
Sebastian Kaleta, Deputy Minister of Justice, was asked about KPO today.
“Maybe I will say perversely – you probably haven’t heard about it, or few listeners have heard about it – but Germany does not want to talk about reparations with Poland. Did you know that the Italians received EUR 55 million from the Italian KPO to pay off their citizens’ claims against Germany? (…) If we show the approach of the German state to reparation claims, they solved the problem with the Italians by giving them this money in KPO”
Deputy Minister Kaleta said on RMF FM.
“They got that money in KPO, really. That’s something to check. I was shocked myself.” – He admitted.
Speaking about the government’s actions that can be taken, he assessed that we should “consistently, as part of our foreign policy, signal this problem in various forums and prove that Germany should settle its debt to Poland” – said Sebastian Kaleta.
The previous Italian government of Mario Draghi created a fund of EUR 55 million as part of the KPO for compensation for former prisoners of German camps and their families. Holocaust victims who had already been compensated were excluded from it. For years, compensation from Germany for its crimes has been demanded in Italy by the families of victims of German executions during World War II. KPO to Italy began to be paid in 2022.
Recently, the families of 43 Italians deported to Germany have made such a request, demanding compensation for imprisonment and work in the Third Reich.
In this context, the Italian media recalled that in 1961 Germany was guaranteed immunity in the event of claims for losses caused in Italy during World War II. The agreement reached then worked for decades, until 2020, when the Constitutional Court in Rome ruled that immunity is valid in relations between two states, but that a citizen cannot be denied the right to present his claims to another country.
The daily Corriere della Sera stresses that Berlin did not like this ruling, so the German government itself applied to the European Court of Justice against Italy, citing the 1961 agreement.
The Italians want to avoid an escalation in this diplomatic dispute. That is why the previous government of Mario Draghi created a fund in the amount of EUR 55 million as part of the KPO, intended for compensation for former prisoners of German camps and their families. Holocaust victims who had already been compensated were excluded from it.
The Atonement is an act of justice. The Germans won’t pay, that’s true. But also Italy has a great responsibility for what happened
– emphasized lawyer Francesco Lanaro, who represents the victims of the families of 43 deported Italians.
Source: niezalezna.pl, pap, twitter, con, rmf24.pl
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