USA. New National Security Strategy. Rivalry with China is the main point

The White House has published a new National Security Strategy. The document stresses that the greatest challenge for the free world are authoritarian states that pursue revisionist foreign policy, such as Russia and China. President Joe Biden’s administration has identified Europe as “a fundamental partner in tackling the whole range of global challenges.” At the same time, Washington is counting on European states to increase their involvement in their own defense.

“We are now in the early years of a decisive decade for America and the world. The conditions for geopolitical rivalry between the great powers will be established. A window of opportunity to face common threats such as climate changeit will narrow down drastically, “states the 48-page document, outlining the strategic vision of the White House. The Reuters Agency concluded that the document did not contain major changes in mindset and did not introduce significant new doctrines in the Biden administration’s foreign policy.

“Russia and China present different challenges”

The document indicated that the greatest challenge to ensuring a free, open, prosperous and secure world lies in authoritarian governments pursuing a revisionist foreign policy.


Russia and China pose different challenges. Russia poses a direct threat to a free and open international system, brazenly disregarding the fundamental laws of the international order, as its brutal aggression against Ukraine has shown. In contrast, the PRC is the only rival that has both the will to shape the international order and increasingly the economic, diplomatic, military and technological power to pursue this goal, the authors of the document wrote.

Europe “fundamental partner”

In the part of the strategy devoted to Europe, the White House points out that the continent “is and will remain a fundamental partner in facing the whole range of global challenges” and that the administration intends to deepen and broaden the transatlantic ties. At the same time, he emphasizes that while the US is increasing its involvement in the defense of Europe, it expects the same from European states.

“We will count on our allies to continue to assume greater responsibility by increasing spending, capabilities and contributions [w obronność – przyp. red.]. European defense investment, through or in addition to NATO, will be key to ensuring our collective security at this time of increasing competition, “we read.

American wheeled armored personnel carrier Stryker from the NATO battalion in Poland15th Mechanized Brigade

The strategy also assumes – apart from support for Ukraine and energy independence from Russia – support for the European aspirations of Georgia and Moldova, democracy in the Western Balkans, as well as “support for independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity. [państw – red.] Central Asia “.

Climate change, infectious diseases, inflation

The abridged version of the strategy notes that while global competition continues, mankind faces common challenges such as “climate change, threats to food security, infectious diseases and inflation.” “These common challenges are not marginal issues, of secondary importance to geopolitics. They are at the heart of national and international security, and must be treated as such,” the document reads.

“We are building the strongest and broadest coalition of nations to strengthen our collective ability to overcome these challenges,” it said.

White HouseShutterstock

The American strategy indicated that the United States would act in two ways when solving these problems. “On the one hand, we will work with every country, including our competitors, willing to constructively solve common challenges based on the principles of the international order” – it was written.

“On the other hand, we will deepen cooperation with democratic countries (…) by creating a network of strong, resilient and mutually reinforcing relationships” – we read.

“A global power with global interests”

In the chapter on domestic politics, it was assessed that the current US administration “has broken the line between domestic and foreign policy because strength inside and outside the country is inextricably linked.” “The challenges of our time, from strategic competition to climate change, require investments that will increase our competitiveness and strengthen our resilience,” it said.

The strategy states that the United States’ international alliances and partnerships are their “most important strategic advantage, which we will deepen and modernize for the benefit of our national security.”

Joint exercises of South Korea and the USA

Joint exercises of South Korea and the USAReuters

As added, Washington insists on developing cooperation on “technology, trade and security between our Indo-Pacific and European democratic allies and partners, as we recognize that they are mutually reinforcing and that the fates of these two regions are intertwined.” – marked.

The document also stated that “United States they are a global power with global interests. “” We are stronger in each region because of our commitment to others, “we read.

“As an Indo-Pacific power, the United States has a vested interest in making the region open, interconnected, secure and resilient. We are ambitious because we know that we and our allies and partners share a vision for the region’s future,” it wrote.

Sullivan: the publication of the document was delayed by the war in Ukraine

As the US national security adviser said Jake Sullivan during a telephone press conference on the new document, despite the emphasis on rivalry between democracies and autocracies, the United States will work with non-democracies to defend the fundamental principles of the international order laid down by the United Nations Charter.

Sullivan also admitted that war in Ukraine has delayed the publication of a document originally planned for this spring. “Honestly, there were a lot of people in February who thought the war would end soon and Russia would be in a much better position,” Sullivan said. He added that the war only strengthened the administration’s belief in the crucial importance of building alliances. The strategy also notes that Russian aggression has shown the need to strengthen the American arms industry and modernize the armed forces.

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