Sitron stood in a square room carved into the rock, the roof of which rested on a central pillar. It was through this roof that the excavator broke through. The room was filled with dozens of untouched bronze and pottery items. The inspector found them in the condition in which they had been deposited at the funeral ceremony to serve the deceased.
Researchers arrived at the site and archaeological work began. It soon turned out that the burial dates back 3,300 years, from the time of Ramesses II the Great. He is one of the greatest, if not the greatest, rulers of Egypt. Specialists also recognize that – while the mere exodus of the Israelis from Egypt lacks any evidence apart from the biblical description – the pharaoh associated in the Bible with these events could have been Ramses II.
Dr. Eli Yannai, an IAA Bronze Age expert, says “This is a once-in-a-lifetime discovery! There are vessels on the floor that have been lying untouched for 3,300 years, from the late Bronze Age. These are the days of the mighty Ramses II. The fact that the cave was well protected and not looted, it will allow us to use modern research methods to obtain a huge amount of information. For example, we will be able to examine the contents of vessels, organic matter that cannot be seen with the naked eye. Perhaps this will give us a complete picture of the late Bronze Age burial habits . “
Most of all, pottery was found in the cave. Various types of bowls, some painted red, goblets. Some of them were imported from various places in Lebanon and from Cyprus.
The information about the sensational discovery spread rapidly around the academic world. Scientists who would like to take part in the research started to apply to the IAA. “Unfortunately, despite the setting up of guards, several items were stolen before we resealed the cave. An investigation is underway,” said representatives of the Israel Antiquities Service.
Currently, the cave is sealed and guarded, and specialists are developing a plan to research and protect the unique site.
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