The Nord Stream pipelines were damaged at a depth of 70 meters. It is a difficult and complex operation, so it should be assumed that the state and competent armed forces are behind it, writes the AFP agency, citing experts.
On Monday, the Nord Stream 1 and 2 pipelines leading from Russia to Germany were interrupted in three locations near the Danish island of Bornholm. Danish authorities said the cause was deliberate action, and in the vicinity of the pipelines there were explosions.
Although the use of submarines to damage gas pipelines seems unlikely, a high-ranking source in the French armed forces in an interview with AFP that such a ship could be stationed relatively far, even many nautical miles from the attack site carried out by drones taking off from it. Destroying the stationary target would not be a problem for them – adds the agency’s interlocutor.
The operation to damage Nord Stream 1 and 2 could also be carried out military scuba diverswhose task would be only to deploy the explosives.
Earlier on Wednesday, “The Daily Telegraph” wrote that the work of scuba divers would be difficult due to sea currents; additionally, it would be easy to observe the vessel that would insure divers, regardless of whether it was a submarine or a surface vessel.
However, a representative of the French army believes that in the area where the gas pipelines were damaged, very small submarines could successfully sail.
“The Russian Navy currently has the largest fleet of spy submarines in the world (…). They would be able to destroy the gas pipeline in the Baltic Sea“says Professor Lion Hirth of the Hertie School in Berlin.
Julian Pawlak from the Helmut Schmidt University in Hamburg points out that although all traffic in the Baltic Sea is closely monitored, surface and submarines would be able to send a team of divers trained to conduct “special underwater operation”.
For now, only two things are certain, writes AFP and explains: firstly, the destruction of gas pipelines is related to the war in Ukraine, and secondly, it leads to a greater destabilization of energy markets and the European economy, and also proves that any energy infrastructure in Europe can become a target of attack.
Gas leaks from submarine pipelines are rare, according to The Daily Telegraph, so three at the same time strongly suggest sabotage.